Quick Answer: What Must Be Included In A Crime Scene Photo?

When Should photos of the crime scene be taken?

Evidence markers: Photographs should be taken before evidence markers are placed, then again after.

These initial shots are important to prove that no one has tampered with the crime scene.

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What are the responsibilities of a forensic photographer?

Forensic photographers work with law enforcement to record and preserve evidence in a criminal case. These photographers create records of crime scenes that police officers and investigators can use to determine how a crime occurred.

What are the three common methods of documenting a crime scene?

The three most common methods of recording a crime scene are: note taking, sketching, and photography. A detailed record of the crime scene and of the actions taken during the search of it, help the crime scene specialist to accurately recall events and to identify items of evidence later in a court of law.

What is physical evidence at a crime scene?

DNA Evidence Per the National Institute of Justice (NIJ), “physical evidence is any tangible object that can connect an offender to a crime scene.” Whether intentional or not, there are a number of physical traces of evidence that can be left on objects at the scene.

What are 4 different types of crime scenes?

Types of Crime ScenesOutdoor.Indoor.Conveyance.

What is the difference between a primary and a secondary crime scene?

Crime scenes, therefore, are considered either primary or secondary. The primary crime scene is where a crime actually occurred. A secondary crime scene is in some way related to the crime but is not where the actual crime took place.

What should be included in crime scene photos quizlet?

What are the three basic photographs associated with crime scene photography? Overall photographs, Evidence-establishing photographs (mid-range), Evidence close-up/forensic quality photographs.

How do you take a photo of evidence?

Photographing the evidence: Photographs should be taken directly at right angles, eliminating probable distance distortions for clear visualization and each part of evidence should be photographed with scale to signify size and without scale to show relationship with overall scene.

Why are photographs taken at a crime scene?

The purpose of crime scene photography is to provide a true and accurate record of the crime scene and physical evidence present by recording the original scene and related areas. … And the judgement often is based upon crime scene photographs to prove prima facie evidence.

What are the 5 types of physical evidence?

Blood, semen, and saliva. These substances are subjected to serological and biochemical analysis for determination of identity and possible origin. … Documents. Any handwriting and typewriting examined for authenticity or source.Drugs. … Explosives. … Fingerprints. … Fibers. … Firearms and ammunition. … Glass.More items…

What are the steps in the crime scene process?

Basic Stages for a Crime Scene Investigation — Possible HomicideApproach the Scene. … Secure and Protect the Scene. … Initiate Preliminary Survey. … Evaluate Physical Evidence Possibilities. … Prepare a Narrative of the Scene. … Capture the Scene Photographically. … Prepare the Crime Scene Sketch. … Conduct a Detailed Search.More items…•

What areas should be photographed during a crime scene investigation?

The areas photographed should include the location in which the crime actually took place and all adjacent areas where important acts occurred immediately before or after the commission of the crime. Name and describe the two kinds of sketches prepared for a crime-scene.

What should be photographed first at a crime scene?

Close-‐up images of evidence can be taken out of context, so establishing the scene first with wide and medium shots is critical. In addition, photographs should be taken looking up from the scene to capture evidence or environmental factors that may be above the scene.

What must be included in close up shots of evidence and why?

Close-up Photographs and Evidence Photography Close-up photographs are deliberate depictions of individual items of evidence. They must show all sides of the item and clearly show any markings, defects, or other identifying features. Each photograph is usually taken twice: once with a scale, and once without a scale.

What are the three types of photographs taken at a crime scene?

To accomplish this, all crime scene photography consists of three basic types of photographs: overall, mid-range, and close-up. Before describing these photographs, it should be noted that few crime scenes are single scenes.

How many photos should I take of evidence?

4 photographs are the minimum to be taken at a crime scene.

What should be photographed first?

At major crime scenes impressions should be photographed before they are casted. Photography is done first because casting the impression will destroy the original impression and eliminate the ability to photograph the impression afterward.

What type of evidence are photographs?

Demonstrative EvidenceDemonstrative Evidence An object or document is considered to be demonstrative evidence when it directly demonstrates a fact. It’s a common and reliable kind of evidence. Examples of this kind of evidence are photographs, video and audio recordings, charts, etc.