Quick Answer: What Are Subjunctive Verbs?

What is a indicative verb?

The indicative mood is a verb form that makes a statement or asks a question.

For example: Jack sings every Friday.

(This is a verb in the indicative mood.

It’s a statement.).

How do you form the subjunctive in English?

The form in the present tense is exactly the same as the base form in all persons of the verb. That is, there is no -s on the 3rd person singular. The subjunctive is used, in very formal English, in subordinate clauses that follow verbs expressing a desire, a demand, a formal recommendation, or a resolve.

How do you use subjunctive in a sentence?

Examples of the Subjunctive MoodQuiero que no tengas frío. … Siento que tengas frío. … Te doy mi chaqueta para que no tengas frío. … Se permite que lleven chaquetas allí. … Dile a ella que lleve una chaqueta. … Es preferible que ustedes no viajen mañana a Londres. … No hay nadie que tenga frío. … Tal vez tenga frío.More items…•

What is the present subjunctive used for?

The present subjunctive mood is normally used when speaking about a thought, belief, expectation or assumption – and despite the name, this form can be used to speak about a future action (as well as a present action). For example: I hope you are fine – Espero que estés bien (present)

What are the 5 verb moods?

When considering mood in grammar, there are five basic types: conditional, imperative, indicative, interrogative, and subjunctive.

What is the difference between indicative and subjunctive in English?

Two terms apply to the mood of English verbs: indicative and subjunctive. An indicative verb makes a statement that is factual, whereas a verb in the subjunctive mood is used to indicate a situation or condition that is hypothetical, doubtful, or conditional.

What is a subjunctive mood verb examples?

The subjunctive mood is the verb form used to explore a hypothetical situation (e.g., If I were you) or to express a wish, a demand, or a suggestion (e.g., I demand he be present).

What does the subjunctive mean?

: of, relating to, or constituting a verb form or set of verb forms that represents a denoted act or state not as fact but as contingent or possible or viewed emotionally (as with doubt or desire) the subjunctive mood. subjunctive. noun.

Do we have the subjunctive in English?

English does not have a distinct subjunctive verb form, since the bare verb form is not exclusively subjunctive. It is also used in other constructions such as imperatives and infinitivals. … For almost all verbs, the bare form is syncretic with the present tense form used in all persons except the third person singular.

Is subjunctive a mood?

A verb is in the subjunctive mood when it expresses a condition which is doubtful or not factual. … The subjunctive mood of the verb to be is be in the present tense and were in the past tense, regardless of what the subject is. Incorrect: If I was you, I would run. Correct: If I were you, I would run.

What words are followed by subjunctive?

The base subjunctive is typically used in that clauses after two structures:suggest-verb (or noun) + that. advise, ask, command, demand, desire, insist, order, prefer, propose, recommend, request, suggest.advisable/anxious-adjective + that.

What is an example of a subjunctive?

The subjunctive mood has one other use: to express wishes and hypothetical situations. Typically, this type of statement includes the word if. If I were a cat, I would lie in the sun all day. It’s only obvious that you’re using the subjunctive mood when you’re using the verb to be.

How do you know if a sentence is subjunctive?

There are three main features that most sentences that use the subjunctive share: two subjects, two verbs, and a relative pronoun.Two Subjects. Most subjunctive sentences will have one subject in the main clause and one in the secondary clause. … Two Verbs. … A Relative Pronoun.

How many types of subjunctive are there?

There are six basic types, three that take the indicative because they describe conditions that are likely to be realized, and three that take the subjunctive because they describe conditions that are less likely to be realized or even contrary to the actual facts of the situation. E.g., “If you study, you will learn.”

What is subjunctive mood in grammar?

The subjunctive mood is one of three moods in English grammar. The subjunctive mood is for expressing wishes, suggestions, or desires, and is usually indicated by an indicative verb such as wish or suggest, paired then with a subjunctive verb.